Paths for transversal skills and orientation

The PCTO - Paths for Transversal Skills and Orientation (formerly School-Work Alternation) are activities aimed at students attending the last three years of secondary schools (high schools, technical institutes, professional institutes).

Until 2018, PCTOs were mostly curricular internships; from the following year, however, the relevance of their orientation purposes emerged and, above all, the usefulness of helping young people acquire transversal skills that can be used in the job market. Therefore, in coherence with this vision, the activities of the PCTOs currently consist of:

  • activities in which children are hosted in real working contexts (activities comparable to internships)
  • other types of activities, such as guided tours, project work or other activities to be carried out in class 

Schools can request the Municipality of Milan to activate a PCTO, choosing one of the two methods indicated above, or request the involvement of the Municipality in PCTO activities that the schools carry out independently (for example: by making a structure available, or by sponsoring an initiative).

Similar to internships, these are PCTOs in which the Municipality of Milan is involved in the following activities:

  • design
  • realization
  • management of a training project for the student, who is assigned a tutor indicated by the administration.

For activities that are not comparable to internships (for example: guided tours, activities carried out in class using Municipality material) and for which the Municipality of Milan is involved only as support for the training project, it is up to each individual area of ​​the Municipality to manage the relationship with the school by defining mutual responsibilities .

The management of the activities remains, however, in the hands of the school and the bodies that may collaborate with it.

Use the services

Law 30 December 2018, n. 145, "State budget forecast for the financial year 2019 and multi-year budget for the three-year period 2019-2021" (Budget Law for 2019), article 1, paragraphs 784 et seq.
Decree 3 November 2017, n. 195, "Regulation containing the Charter of rights and duties of students on school-work alternation and the methods of application of the legislation for the protection of health and safety in the workplace to students on school-work alternation".
Legislative Decree 13 April 2017, n. 62, “Regulations regarding the evaluation and certification of skills in the first cycle and state exams, pursuant to article 1, paragraphs 180 and 181, letter i), of law 13 July 2015, n. 107”.
Legislative decree 25 November 2016, n. 219, “Implementation of the delegation referred to in article 10 of law 7 August 2015, n. 124, for the reorganization of the functions and financing of the chambers of commerce, industry, crafts and agriculture"
Law 13 July 2015, n. 107, "Reform of the national education and training system and delegation for the reorganization of current legislative provisions"
Legislative Decree 12 September 2013, n. 104, “Urgent measures in the field of education, university and research”, converted with amendments by law 8 November 2013, n. 128.
Legislative Decree 15 April 2005, n. 77, “Definition of the general rules relating to school-work alternation, pursuant to article 4 of law 28 March 2003, n. 53”.


Reference guidelines:

Updated: 18/10/2023